COMMON CONDITIONS - Fibromyalgia Syndrome - FMS Non-Drug Treatment
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has a role, particularly if accompanied with an exercise program.
CBT improves self-efficacy or coping with pain and reduces the number of physician visits at post-treatment, but has no significant effect on pain, fatigue, sleep or health related quality of life at post-treatment or follow-up.
Exercise improves fitness and sleep and may reduce pain and fatigue in some people with fibromyalgia.
Cardiovascular exercise is effective for some patients.
Long-term aquatic-based exercise has been proven beneficial as it combines cardiovascular exercise with resistance training.
Due to the cold sensitivities, aquatic therapy must take place in a warm pool and warm environment to avoid chills.